Remaining Time

Mehmet Kemal Çalışkan

He was born in 1955 in Giresun (Şebinhisar). He studied in İstanbul Kabataş Male High School between 1969-1972.  After high school he studied chemistry in Cologna Univesity in Germany for 2 years (1972-1974). In 1980 He graduated from Ege University, School of Dentistry. At the same year He began to work as a research assistant in Department of Restorative Dentistry in Ege University, School of Dentistry. In 1985, He finished my PhD thesis in Ege University, School of Dentistry with the thesis entitled  “ Evaluation of signs and relations of textural and chronological aging of teeth” . Since 1995  He has been working as a professor in department of Endodontology in Ege University, School of Dentistry.
He has worked as a visitor Professor/lecturer between 1998-1998 in Temple University , Faculty of Dentistry in US and  gave lectures to undergraduate and graduate students in Temple University
In 2006, He has published my Book titled “Diagnosis and Treatments in Endodontics” which has third edition.
He has many articles in national and international journals and gave many lectures all around the world. He knows Germany and English.

Clinical and Histological Evaluation of Endodontic Vital Pulpal Treatment Using MTA or Calcium Hydroxide
  
Vital pulp therapy (VPT) is broadly defined as treatment initiated to preserve and maintain pulp tissue in a healthy state, tissue that has been compromised by caries, trauma, or restorative procedures. Preserving pulp vitality should always be the primary aim of endodontic treatment, but the prerequisite for any intervention to preserve vitality is the presence of either healthy pulp tissue or pulpal damage that can be reversed. VPT namely stepwise excavation, indirect or direct pulp capping and partial/full pulpotomy, is a procedure in which cariously or traumatically exposed dental pulp is covered with a protective dressing or cement to preserve and maintain complete/partial coronal/radicular pulp vitality and stimulate the formation of a tertiary dentinal bridge.
Presently there is a tendency to practice regenerative endodontic treatment originally for necrotic immature or even mature teeth with periapical lesions via root canal disinfection followed by irritating periapical tissue in order to induction of blood clot into root canal space for constitute new pulp-dentin tissue. Unfortunately, the use of VPT for mature permanent teeth with carious pulp exposure has been the source of extreme controversy for years. Most authors have recommended pulpectomy instead of VPT, on the other hand, the success rates after pulpectomies of vital teeth have been reported to vary between 82-92%.
The challenge is to identify a reliable pulp capping or pulpotomy agent and a suitable delivery technique. The introduction of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) has opened a new frontier in vital pulp therapy and changed the perception that pulp capping in carious exposed teeth is unpredictable and therefore, is contraindicated. VPT using either calcium hydroxide or MTA has been reported as a reasonable alternative treatment to pulpectomies in vital permanent teeth with cariously exposed pulps, with predictable results and an overall success rates ranging from 73 to 99%. This fact is also supported by more recent studies presenting favourable outcomes with MTA (90-96 %). VPT is a treatment option for teeth with carious-exposed pulp and it may be considered a realistic alternative therapy to root canal treatment.
The purpose of this presentation is to report long-term clinical and radiographical outcomes of teeth which were treated with VPT.
 
Advices to Increase Success in Dental Trauma Cases

Tooth injuries constitute an important part of clinical odontology. Dental traumas occurring are usually studied in young age groups than adult older patients in different communities.
The time after the trauma is an important factor that affects the prognosis of dental hard and soft tissue injuries. When the time between trauma and referral to a dental clinic is delayed, the teeth are less likely to remain vital. In such cases, severity of the late complications such as pulp necrosis, periapical lesions, root resorption, pulp canal obliteration and loss of marginal alveolar bone usually become aggravated. These complications are seen more often in periodontally injured teeth in young patients. In this presentation, the long term clinical and radiographic prognoses of vital pulp therapies and nonsurgical/ surgical endodontic treatment in traumatized permanent teeth will be reviewed.