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Mehmet Ali Elçin

March 3, 2021 Mehmet Ali Elçin was born in Sakarya; completed his primary and secondary education there. He graduated from Marmara University Faculty of Dentistry in 2009 and started his Ph.D. program in Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology of Marmara University, Institute of Health Sciences and worked on his thesis entitle 'Clinical and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Evaluation of Degenerative Changes and Effusion in Temporomandibular Disorders'. He completed his Ph.D. programme in 2014 and got his title. Between 2010 and 2014 he practiced his profession as a dentist in his private office. Mehmet Ali Elçin, who is married and has a daughter, has been working as a lecturer at Istanbul Aydın University Faculty of Dentistry since March 2014.

Imaging of Temporomandibular Joint
 
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a part of masticatory system which is responsible for mastication, speaking, swallowing, breathing and tasting.  TMJ is a complex structure formed by bony structures such as mandibular condyle, glenoid fossa, articulary eminence and soft tissue structures like condyle disc, ligaments and retrodiscal tissues.
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is caused by local trauma, parafunctional habits, malocclusion, emotional stress and orthodontic or prothetic reasons. TMD diagnosis consists combination of history, clinical and radiologic examination.
A variety of modalities can be used to image the TMJ. These include conventional radiography, panaromic radiography (OPTG), ultrasonography, computed tomography (CT), cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), sintigraphy and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
MRI allows detailed evaluation of the TMJ anatomy including bony and soft tissue structures, especially articular disc position and degenerative changes of the joint. MRI was accepted as standard method in the TMJ examination with high soft tissue resolution and the absence of ionizing radiation.