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Hulki Caner Yeğin

Hulki Caner Yeğin was born in Ankara in 1985. He completed his high school education in Istanbul Adnan Menderes Anatolian High School. He was graduated from Yediepe University, Faculty of Dentistry in 2010 and he earned his PhD degree from Van Yüzüncü Yıl University, Department of Endodontics where he worked as a research assistant from 2010 to 2015. Currently, he is a full-time faculty member as an Assistant Professor in Istanbul Kemerburgaz University, Department of Endodontics. He had oral/poster presentations in both national and international conferences. He is married and has a daughter.

Root-Canal Treatment Overview

As it is commonly known, the field of endodontic is experiencing new developments in root canal shaping and filling materials.
We use a wide range of manual and rotary instruments to shape the root canal. Brand new tools are being developed through changing the types, shapes, designs and rigidities of rotating tools, however, we still cannot clean the entire root canal regardless of what we do.
We make use of irrigation solutions when shaping; as well as of ultrasonic instruments, or of endovac in order to make these solutions more effective. While these solutions do make it easier for the instrument to travel through the canal, they also remove the organic and inorganic substances, and the smear layer formed in the canal. Some of the solutions that are produced and used today are also used for elimination of bacteria in the canal due to their antibacterial effect.  
After the processes of shaping and irrigation, to complete the canal treatment, the root canal needs to be filled in a 3-dimensionally sealed method. Nowadays, the method applied via thermoplastic gutta-perchas can provide the canal filling at the desired level. There are various techniques and materials used in the thermoplastic gutta-percha method; and these materials can be used with canal sealers. Nowadays, bioceramic based canal sealers are routinely used.  
In recent years, improvements in endodontics leaned towards changing the shape of the trays that are being used, as well as making solutions more active, or producing root canal sealers that can be used with tissue-friendly materials. Academic studies are always looking towards the direction of better materials. If we look at what the world is expected to do in the near future, the natural products used in the field of cosmetics are likely to amount to 22 billion dollars by 2024. If we look at the data at hand, the use of natural products is rapidly increasing. We believe that the work to be done in dentistry will proceed in this direction as well.