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Arzu Pınar Erdem

Associate Professor Arzu Pınar Erdem graduated from Istanbul University Faculty of Dentistry with a degree in 2000 and she started her PhD education at Istanbul University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Pedodontics in the same year. In 2006 she completed her doctoral thesis on " Effects of Two Fluoride Varnishes and One Fluoride/Chlorhexidine Varnish on Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus Biofilm Formation in Vitro ". She worked as Research Assistant Doctor between 2006-2013 and received the title of Associate Professor in 2013 and still working in the same department. Arzu Pınar Erdem is currently a member of the Turkish Pedodontics Association (TPD), the European Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (EAPD), the International Association for Dental Traumatology (IADT) and the International Association for Dental Research (IADR). She received the "American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry's Paul P. Taylor Award" in 2012. Her research interests include; preventive dentistry, pedodontic endodontics, oral health of medically compromised children, regenerative pulp treatments, dental stem cells and trauma. She is married and has two daughters.
Current Endodontic Materials Used in Pediatric Dentistry

Indirect/direct pulp cupping, partial pulpectomy and pulpotomy are considered as vital pulp treatments for primary and permanent teeth. On the other hand devital pulp treatments can be considered as an alternative treatment approach in the cases that vital treatments can not be used. In pediatric dental practice in order to prevent early loss of the teeth, endodontic procedures have major importance. In order to achieve successful results in endodontic procedures the first condition is the correct diagnosis, with it the techniques and materials used are extremely important. Related materials should be biocompatible and superior in preventing microleakage. Presevation the health of the dental pulp is the primary goal both in the primary and permanent teeth treatments. The use of current endodontic materials (MTA, Biodentine, etc.), which allow the construction of reperative dentin in vital pulp treatments, has gained popularity. These materials can also provide single visit apexification with regenerative properties in young nonvital teeth. In the root canal treatment of primary teeth, iodoformed pastes provide successful results, whereas in the root canal treatment of the primary teeth with no permanent successor, the use of tricalciumsilicate based materials is of great advantage. In this conference; current endodontic materials used in pediatric dentistry will be discussed with appropriate treatment approaches.
Fluoride in Protective Dentistry

Fluoride is an evidence based and the most widely used agent in clinic and public health for caries prevention and remineralization. Since the post-eruptive effect of fluoride has been more emphasized than its pre-eruptive effect, today it is mostly used as various topical forms individually or professionally; and the use of fluoride toothpastes are accepted as a safe and an effective method for caries prevention of communities. However, since  it is a known fact that when the optimal daily fluoride dose is exceeded, various systemic effects such as dental fluorosis could occur, therefore, the cumulative effect  of fluoride usage for individuals has to be evaluated.
In this presentation, the guidelines of fluoride usage according to age and caries risk status, recommended dental fluoride products in pedodontics will be reported; and fluoride toxic effects will be discussed by current literature on evidence based data.